If there are any philosophy minds out there reading this who disagree with or refute The Gettier Problem in ways I haven’t considered yet, please message me. It’s so hard to find anyone with hard-hitting and legitimate criticisms of the paper these days. I really want to be challenged against my support and acceptance of it.
The highest industrialized yet inhabited areas are usually “coincidentally” poor and black neighbourhoods, so while I commend the image for bringing up how environmental degradation caused by factory farming is an immediate human rights issue, I think particular portions of the image (and you know what I’m talking about) fail to depict the reality of the situation.
What tofu mistake did you make?
One of the most common things I hear about tofu is “I tried making it once, but it ended up tasting awful”. I’m sorry, did you think you’d become a tofu master and connoisseur after trying to make it just once, having never even touched it before in your life?
So you screwed up. Get back up on that soy horse and try again! Your first few times making tofu may not turn out so great, but the more you try, the easier (and tastier) it gets.
An extra ritual tofu dance or two wouldn’t hurt.
- Klaus Baudelaire: That's the Two-Headed Cobra!
- Uncle Monty: Well spotted!
- Violet Baudelaire: Is that a he or a she?
- Uncle Monty: I have no idea! I didn't think it polite to ask.
I was googling something and one of the auto-suggestions said "Why can’t you trust an atom?" and I sincerely thought, “Well, huh. This is an interesting question. How do we prove atoms exist while our knowledge of quantum mechanic interpretations of such entities grows larger and larger each day?”
So I clicked it, and the answer was, "Because they make up everything!"
And I just
I’m sure I had that “just got told an unimpressive dad joke” look on my face
Claims to authority can be both subtle and unintentional. I think it’s better not to consider all claims to authority, however erroneous the opinion attached may be, a fallacy until it is made certain that the individual is attempting (consciously or unconsciously) to use their supposed authority to garner acceptance of or agreement with their opinion.
E.g. If they’re using every chance they get to mention the creative writing class they teach in their argument to convince you why George R.R. Martin is actually a bad writer, they’re probably using a fallacious appeal to authority.
When is an appeal to authority a fallacy, and when isn’t it?
argumentum ab auctoritate, or argument from authority: it’s a common form of argument that is more widely recognized as a type of fallacy. One that (forgive me for saying this) is quite common on the internet where any amount of discussion happens at all - tumblr, reddit, facebook, mommyblogger community forums, IRC chatrooms about the apocalypse. Anywhere you go on the internet, after a certain amount of time, you will see someone claiming something like:
Trust me, I studied ancient pottery for years. I got my classics degree specialized in pottery and paintings! I know what I’m talking about better than you do.
Listen here, punk - I’ve been an amateur assistant librarian for 5 years! I think I know the ins and outs of amateur assistant librarianism by now. I can’t be wrong.
Or a simple claim to authority based on title alone, such as:
Somebody out there right now is using their title or their experiences to suggest that their argument or their opinion should hold more sway. You might be wondering, “How can this be a fallacy? An ancient pottery specialist probably DOES know more about ancient pottery than I do. They’re called authorities because they have the authority to speak knowledgeably about these things! Duh!”
We’d be right to believe that someone who earned their degree in a subject, or spent many years devoting their lives to that subject, might have a great deal of knowledge about it. But realize that this is no guarantee that they do have that knowledge, or have the specific knowledge that would lead them to forming a correct or coherent argument about their given opinion.
You can get your law degree and be an authority on law - but if you choose to forget everything you’ve learned, or its been a long time since you studied, or perhaps you never really studied that hard at all and gamed your way through the educational system - your law degree does not make you a law authority. So when you say, “I spent years studying law and I have a degree! I KNOW what I’m talking about!”, there’s no guarantee that you actually do know what you’re talking about.
There can be people out there who know more about the law than you do without earning their degree in the profession. There are people who have faster learning capabilities, and might need to only spend 1 year to learn what you have in 5. Official qualifications, or length of time spent trying to qualify, is never truly indicative of whether or not you should be considered an actual authority.
Similarly, you could have spent half your life studying to be a medical practitioner - but if you did your studying before the 1900s and were just recently transported here in a time machine, we should not consider you an authority on modern medicine.
Even real authorities are still human beings, and however knowledgeable, can fall prey to error, bias, dishonesty, or groupthink.
This doesn’t mean to ignore or chastise someone who claims to have an authority on any matter due to qualifications or experiences. It does, however, mean that their argument itself is the first and foremost item that should be judged to gauge whether or not their opinion holds any weight.
A bad argument isn’t made better by claiming to be an authority on the matter (or claiming to derive your beliefs from an authority on the matter).
I should know - I studied informal logic.
One of the most radical things you can do [to support women] is to actually believe women when they talk about their experiences.
The pickings for good vegan apparel are pretty slim. The font can be bad, the clothing shapes can be bulky or boring, the colours can be off, and the message might not be the one you’re looking to convey (plenty of “vegan” shirts about just eating healthy).
I’m not saying I’m a shirt-printing whiz or anything, but if any vegans out there need help/advice for ordering printed clothes online - including designing your image and making sure the quality doesn’t get lost in printing, or finding a good online print studio to use - I’m here to help.
The example above is a dark grey/heather black canvas fleece pullover hoodie from this customized clothing website with a simple design I edited in gimp. (At average price for a printed sweater - about $40)
There is a reason why Wikipedia lists “Plant perception” under the paranormal and not with actual sciences.
I woke up this morning and it sounded like someone was singing outside my window. But then I remembered that I closed my window last night, and realized that it was Scully singing “Jeremiah was a bullfrog” on my laptop.
Joe left netflix on all last night.